A nebulizer transforms medicine into a breathable mist. The person inhales the mist, allowing the body to absorb the medicine quickly and effectively.
In this article, we look at the benefits and uses of home nebulizer therapy and explain how to use and clean the equipment.

What is home nebulizer therapy?
A woman undertaking home nebulizer therapy.
A doctor may prescribe home nebulizer therapy for COPD, cystic fibrosis, or asthma.
Home nebulizer therapy works by transforming a dose of medication from a liquid form to a mist, which the person then inhales.

Doctors prescribe home nebulizer therapy for a variety of health issues, but primarily for problems affecting the lungs, such as:

chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)
cystic fibrosis
asthma
emphysema
chronic bronchitis
Currently, there are two basic types of nebulizer:

The jet nebulizer uses compressed air to turn medication into a mist.
The ultrasonic nebulizer achieves the same outcome by using ultrasonic vibrations.
Medication labels may specify the best nebulizer for their particular formulation. Some manufacturers offer nebulizers specifically for children.

Home nebulizer therapy does not require the person to coordinate their breathing with the machine, which makes it easier to use than other devices, such as inhalers. For this reason, doctors often recommend nebulizers for people who may have difficulty using inhalers, such as children, older adults, and people on ventilators.

In addition, home nebulizer therapy delivers medication more deeply into the lungs than some people can manage on their own.

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